The National Flag of Singapore is a symbol of statehood. It replaced the Union Jack which had flown over Singapore for 140 years (1819-1959). It was the committee headed by Dr Toh Chin Chye (the then Deputy Prime Minister) which first conceived of and created the flag. Together with the State Crest and the National Anthem, it was unveiled on 3 Dec 1959, at the installation of the new Head of State, the Yang di-Pertuan Negara, at the City Hall steps. Upon independence in 1965, it was adopted as the National Flag.

Our National Flag consists of two equal horizontal sections, red above white. In the top left canton is a white crescent moon beside five white stars within a circle. The features of the flag were not arbitrarily chosen. Each feature has its own distinctive meaning and significance: red symbolises universal brotherhood and equality of man; white signifies pervading and everlasting purity and virtue; the crescent moon represents a young nation on the ascendant; and the five stars stand for the nation's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality.


The National coat of Arms (State Crest) was first launched on 3 Dec 1959 together with the National Flag and National Anthem at the installation of the Yang di-Pertuan Negara at the City Hall steps.

The State Crest of Singapore consists of a shield emblazoned with a white crescent moon and five white stars against a red background. Red is symbolic of universal brotherhood and equality of man, and white signifies pervading and everlasting purity and virtue. The five stars represent the five ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality. Supporting the shield are a lion on the left, and a tiger on the right. Below the shield is a banner inscribed with the Republic's motto. Majulah Singapura. The lion represents Singapore itself and the tiger, the island's historical links with Malaysia.


The National Anthem was written in the wake of nationalism during 1956-57. Its composer, the late Encik Zubir Said, had written it on the basis of two words, “Majulah Singapura” or “Onward Singapore”. The patriotic song was first performed by the Singapore Chamber Ensemble at the opening ceremony of the newly-renovated Victoria Theatre. It was launched on 3 Dec 1959, together with the National Flag and the State Crest, at the installation of the new Head of State, Yang di-Pertuan Negara, at the City Hall steps. Upon independence in 1965, “Majulah Singapura” was adopted as the republic’s National Anthem.


Music and Lyrics by Zubir Said

Mari Kita rakyat Singapura
Sama-Sama menuju, Bahagia
Cita-cita kita yang mulia
Berjaya Singapura!

Mari-lah kita bersatu
Dengan semangat yang baru
Semua kita berseru
Majulah Singapura!
Majulah Singapura!


We, the people of Singapore
Together march towards happiness
Our noble aspiration
To make Singapore a success
Let us all uniteIn a new spirit
Together we proclaim
Onward Singapore
Onward Singapore


We, the citizens of Singapore,
pledge ourselves as one united people,
regardless of race, language or religion,
to build a democratic society based on justice and equality
so as to achieve happiness, prosperity and progress for our nation.

Initially penned by Mr S Rajaratnam in 1966, the Pledge was written against the backdrop of racial riots in the ‘50s and ‘60s. Mr Rajaratnam revealed that the dream was about building “a Singapore we are proud of”. He believed that language, race and religion were divisive factors, but the Pledge emphasizes that these differences can be overcome if Singaporeans cared enough about their country. The draft text was handed to the then Prime Minister, Mr Lee Kuan Yew, who polished the text before submitting it to Cabinet.


· Nation before community and society above self
· Family as the basic unit of society
· Community support and respect for the individual
· Consensus, not conflict
· Racial and religious harmony

First conceived in 1988 by the then first Deputy Prime Minister Mr Goh Chok Tong, the “Shared Values” incorporates the various aspects of our cultural heritage, namely the attitudes and values which have helped us survive as a nation. In essence, it was to be a blueprint for the development of a national ideology that Singaporeans of all races and faiths could subscribe to and live by.

  1. Singapore is our homeland: this is where we belong.
    We want to keep our heritage and our way of life.

  2. We must preserve racial and religious harmony.
    Though many races, religions, languages and cultures, we pursue one destiny.

  3. We must uphold meritocracy and prevent corruption.
    This provides opportunity for all according to their ability and effort.

  4. No one owes Singapore a living.
    We must find our own way to survive and prosper.

  5. We must ourselves defend Singapore.
    No one else is responsible for our security and well-being.

  6. We have confidence in our future.
    United, determined and well-prepared, we shall build a bright future for ourselves.

At the end of secondary school, pupils should

· have moral integrity
· have care and concern for others
· be able to work in teams and value every contribution
· be enterprising and innovative
· possess a broad-based foundation for further education
· believe in their ability
· have an appreciation for aesthetics
· know and believe in Singapore